6 Common Thyroid Problems and Their Symptoms to Know

6 Common Thyroid Problems and Their Symptoms to Know

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces helpful hormones and regulates metabolism in the human body. Any irregularities in the production of hormones or functionality can cause you to have thyroid problems. Having a thyroid test in Noida or your locality can help you detect the problem and treat it. Here are some common thyroid issues with their symptoms you should be aware of:

  1. Hyperthyroidism 

Your thyroid is overactive when hyperthyroidism occurs to you. Due to being overactive, it produces more thyroid hormones than the usual demand of your body. As a result, there is a rise in many bodily functions. 

Graves’ disease is the primary cause of hyperthyroidism. Some other causes of this thyroid problem are nodules on the thyroid, inflammation in the thyroid gland, and excessive iodine intake.  Some significant symptoms of hyperthyroidism are as follows:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Thin skin
  • Irritability
  • Increased sweating
  • Anxiety
  • Shaking
  • Sleep disorder
  • Muscle weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Bulging eyes
  • Increased appetite
  • Frequent bowel movements 
  • Nervousness & restlessness 
  1. Hypothyroidism 

Being just opposite to hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism happens to you when your thyroid gland is unable to produce the required hormones or is underactive. It can make some of your body’s functions go down. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the primary cause of this thyroid problem. Other causes are thyroiditis, congenital hypothyroidism, iodine deficiency, pituitary gland or hypothalamus disorders, certain medications, and chronic diseases like diabetes and lupus. Common symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows:

  • Fatigue
  • Increased sensitivity to cold temperatures
  • Dry hair and skin
  • Memory issues
  • Depression
  • Constipation
  • Weight gain
  • Slow heart rate
  • Muscle and joint pain or weakness 
  • Heavy and irregular menstruation cycles
  • Fertility problems
  • Coma
  1. Hashimotos’ thyroiditis 

Also acknowledged as lymphocytic thyroiditis, it is a common cause of hypothyroidism. As per the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, around 5% of Americans suffer from it. It can occur at any age. However, it is very common in middle-aged females. It occurs to you when the immune system of your body mistakenly attacks and damages the thyroid gland. Some people have no clear signs while some experience symptoms like:

  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Mild weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin and hair 
  • Paleness, or puffy face
  • Heavy and irregular menstruation if you are of reproductive age
  • Intolerance to cold
  • Enlarged thyroid, or goitre

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  1. Graves’ disease 

Named after the doctor who described it for the first time around 150 years ago, it is a common hyperthyroidism cause in the USA. Around 0.5% of Americans suffer from it. This thyroid problem is an autoimmune disorder and occurs when your immune system attacks the thyroid gland by mistake. It can make your thyroid gland produce more hormones than needed and affect the way of regulating metabolism in your body. 

It can occur to you at any stage in your life. As a female, you are at a higher risk of it in your 20s and 30s. Pregnancy, stress, family history, and smoking can also make you prone to this thyroid problem. Symptoms of Graves’ Disease include:

  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Increased or irregular heart rate
  • Hand tremors
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Excessive sweating
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Diarrhoea or frequent bowel movements 
  • Irregular menstrual cycles if you have not faced menopause 
  • Goitre 
  1. Goitre 

It refers to a noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland. Iodine deficiency is the primary cause of this thyroid problem. It can happen to anyone living in any geographical area. However, it is common in the area with a lack of iodine. Apart from having a lack of iodine, Congenital hypothyroidism, thyroiditis, Graves’ disease, tumours in the pituitary gland can make you prone to have goitre. Some common symptoms of goitre include:

  • Tightness or swelling in your neck
  • Breathing or swallowing difficulty 
  • Wheezing or coughing 
  • Hoarse voice
  1. Thyroid nodules 

Any unusual growth happening in the thyroid gland could be thyroid nodules. As per a 2015 study, around 1% of men and 5% of women of iodine-sufficient areas can have this thyroid problem. The causes of thyroid nodules are unknown most of the time. However, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and iodine deficiency could be the primary cause for certain people with this thyroid problem. Some common symptoms of thyroid nodules are as follows:

  • High pulse rate
  • Increased appetite
  • Nervousness
  • Weight loss
  • Shaking
  • Clammy skin

Conclusion 

Located in the neck, the thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that regularises metabolism in the human body by producing thyroid hormones in the required amount. Any issue in its function makes you have thyroid problems. Knowing all the common thyroid problems with their symptoms will be highly beneficial for you. It will help you take the requisite action if your thyroid test is positive. 

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