A Complete Cheat Sheet for Hypertension

A Complete Cheat Sheet for Hypertension

High blood pressure is most obvious condition affecting the arteries of the body. This condition also refers to as hypertension. When a person has high blood pressure the blood force highly pushes against the walls of arteries.

As a result the heart needs to work tougher for pumping blood. With increasing of blood pressure level, you are more likely to get heart attack, serious health issues and stroke. Continue reading this blog to know more about hypertension.

Symptoms of Hypertension

Unfortunately, this condition doesn’t exhibit any symptoms other than one or two. But it can reach at its peak in case you don’t come to know about it in the years.

However, some people can get the following experiences:

  • Nosebleeds
  • Breathing shortness
  • Headaches

But there is not anything specific. It may or may not occur until the level attains life-threatening or severe stage

When you should visit a doctor

The level of blood pressure is vital for general health. Depending on the overall health and age of the person you must check the level regularly. You must check it once in every 2 year on reaching 18 years of age. The persons who are 40 or above and prone to high blood pressure must check it once every year.

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If an individual is vulnerable to heart disease then more frequent readings are necessary. Kids with 3 years of age can measure the blood pressure as yearly checkups. You need to visit a GP in London to screen for blood pressure. Accordingly, you can take necessary medicines and change the lifestyle.

Causes

Blood pressure is easy to determine by 2 things- blood amount the heart is pumping and toughness for the blood to move through arteries. As much blood will pass through narrow arteries as high the blood pressure will be.

There are 2 kinds of high blood pressure and they are- primary or essential hypertension and secondary hypertension.

Risk factors

High blood pressure possesses certain risks such as:

  • Age
  • Race
  • Family history
  • Being overweight or obesity
  • Lack of exercise
  • Vaping or use of tobacco
  • Excessive intake of salt
  • Low level of potassium
  • Excessive drinking of alcohol
  • Stress
  • Special chronic conditions
  • Pregnancy

It is common in adults. However, kids can get higher blood pressure as well. Generally, it occurs because of heart or kidney problems. Other causes like improper exercising and unhealthy diet are likely to increase the blood pressure level.

Complications

The exertion of high pressure on the walls of artery causes high blood pressure. It damages the body organs and blood vessels. As higher as the pressure is as larger the damage will be.

Uncontrollable higher blood pressure results in numerous other complexities such as:

  • Stroke or heart attack
  • Aneurysm
  • Heart failure
  • Kidney problem
  • Eye problem
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Dementia
  • Understanding or memory change

Diagnosis

For diagnosing high blood pressure the doctor will carry out the examination and interrogate you on symptoms and medical history. A cuff will place around the arm. Make sure that it is not too small or big as measurement can vary. Then a small hand pump will use to inflate it. Every blood pressure has 2 numbers:

  • Top one or systolic pressure- measurement of pressure in arteries during heartbeats
  • Bottom one or diastolic pressure- measurement of pressure in arteries within the heartbeats

You have high blood pressure if the range is above 130/80mm Hg. There are two staging of blood pressure.

  • Stage 1- If the range lies between 130-139 and 80-89 mm Hg.
  • Stage 2- If the range lies above 140 and 90 mm Hg.

Many times the bottom reading is normal and the top one is incredibly high. It refers to as systolic hypertension. It is mostly common in the people above 65 years of age.

Tests

In case you have high blood pressure then the doctor will order the following tests due to an overall health check up:

  • Ambulatory monitoring
  • Lab tests
  • EKG or ECG (electrocardiogram)
  • Echocardiogram

Collecting blood at your home

You need to check the blood pressure regularly at home. It is really beneficial as you can keep the track of blood pressure. By this way, private GP in London can come to know if the medicine is effective or not! You can buy home blood pressure monitor device at pharmacies and local store.

Treatment

Bringing certain change to your lifestyle can assist on managing or controlling blood pressure.

  • Get 7-9 hours of sleep everyday
  • Quit smoking
  • Limit consumption of alcohol
  • Lose weight or maintain a healthy weight
  • Get daily physical activity
  • Consume healthy diet in low salt

Many times changes in lifestyle are not sufficed for treating high blood pressure. In worst cases, doctor consultation is must and you must take the medication according to the prescription.

Medications

Medicine type to use for treating hypertension relies on overall health and the level of blood pressure. Often more drugs for blood pressure can perform much better. Some time may need to look for the right drug or combination that will work perfect for you.

In the meantime, you must keep the perfect goal of blood pressure. Just keep the aim to maintain it slightly below 130/80 mm Hg if.

  • You are above 65 and healthy
  • You are above 65 with only 10% of risk for cardiovascular disease for last 10 years
  • You suffer from chronic coronary artery disease, diabetes and kidney disease

The goal for blood pressure level varies with health conditions and age only if you are about 65.

Certain medicines used in treating high blood pressure are:

  • Water pills (diuretics)
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • Calcium channel blockers

Read More: Which medication is the most effective for joint pain?

Other medications

In case you find it hard to drop down the level of blood pressure by combining above medicines then the doctor will prescribe:

  • Alpha blockers
  • Alpha-beta blockers
  • Beta blockers
  • Aldosterone antagonists
  • Rennin inhibitors
  • Vasodilators
  • Central-acting agents

You must take the blood pressure medications as per prescription. Never stop taking the medicines abruptly or skip the dose. If you stop taking beta blockers abruptly then it will heighten the blood pressure level emerging the condition known as rebound hypertension. In case the dose skips because of forgetfulness, side effects and costs you must consult about it to the doctor.

Resistant hypertension treatment

Resistant hypertension is an obvious condition if:

  • You take 3 different drugs for blood pressure including diuretic.
  • You take 4 different drugs for blood pressure.

Resistant hypertension never means that blood pressure never becomes low. On determining the exact cause you can seek more effective treatment to control it.

Treatments for resistant hypertension involve the following:

  • Reviewing the medicines along with the ones you buy without prescription
  • Changing the medicines for your blood pressure and find the right dose and combination
  • Checking the level of blood pressure regularly to notice if any medical condition is increasing the level or not emerging to the condition of white coat hypertension
  • Making lifestyle changes, managing weight and eating healthy

Hypertension during pregnancy

If you are pregnant and suffering from high blood pressure then speak to the doctor to know how you can control it throughout the pregnancy.

Also Read: Reasons to become a nursing assistant

Potential treatments

Researchers study a lot to make use of the heart in order to destroy some nerves in kidney which have important role in the resistant hypertension. The process refers to as renal denervation. However, robust studies are necessary to justify that it lowers the blood pressure in the patients having resistant hypertension. In some instances, doctor uses therapy in order to treat hypertension.

So, whenever you need to check the level of blood pressure visit any nearby private GP clinic in London. The clinic will ask you a questionnaire regarding on the health of the individual ending you up to seek the right treatment on time

At Private GP London, our GPs provide quality care and treatment to patients for their improved condition. We offer same day and last minute appointments to different clinical services such as – GP consultation sessions, comprehensive STD Testing/Treatment, imaging referrals (X rays, ultrasound scans and MRI), full body health screening, visa and pre-employment medicals and specialist consultations. Whether you need to undergo certain blood tests, health screening or STD appointment, we can help with the service immediately. You can walk-in at the clinic or book online for getting top quality private healthcare services for all. We provide the following treatments to patients: • Blood testing for bone profile test, blood group, testosterone, pregnancy, lipid profile etc. • GP services with walk in and same day visit • Women’s health for coil fitting, pap smear test, PCOS and fibroid treatment • Health screening to know the present condition • Visa Medical Services

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