Polycystic kidney disease, shortly called PKD, refers to an inherited condition. In this condition, cysts grow in the kidneys. This disorder makes the organs become large. An untreated condition accounts for high blood pressure and renal failure. Lifestyle changes and medical care help improve the situation.
Genetic mutations in the kidneys result in PKD. Since its’ a genetic condition, parents pass it down to the child. There’s no permanent solution for PKD. Growing evidence shows lifestyle management works great at healing. You might consider talking to the best Siliguri kidney specialist doctor.
What are the signs & symptoms of PKD?
The following are common signs of PKD:
- High blood pressure
- Blood present in the urine
- Back or side pain
- Kidney enlargement causing abdominal swelling
- Urinary tract infections
- Kidney failure
Once you feel the signs, be sure to let your doctor know. For first aid, you may visit a general physician. Or, you can consult a nephrologist. Early health evaluation keeps you from further health hazards. While on the other side, the more delay, the more risks.
Knowing the types of PKD
There are two classifications given for PKD, including – autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease/ADPKD, and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease/ARPKD.
ADPKD: It’s the most common form of PKD, resulting in abdominal pain, upper urinary tract infections, high blood pressure, bloody urine, kidney stones, etc.
ARPKD: It’s a rare form of PKD, causing high blood pressure, frequent urination, excessive thirst, underdeveloped lungs, CKD, et al.
Possible complications of PKD
Complications of PKD can involve both adults and babies.
Adults may have:
- Increased blood pressure is a widely common complication of PKD. Here waste build-up in your body leads to hypertension, and hypertension may affect your heart health, leading to stroke.
- Ongoing pain may result from kidney or urinary tract infections felt in your back or side. Kidney stones can bring about such pain as well.
- Renal failure or loss of kidney function is a potential complication of PKD.
- Heart valve problems may occur if you have PKD which may bring about mitral valve prolapse. This condition is when the mitral valve flops back into the left chamber.
- PKD is associated with the risk of liver cysts. ADPKD increases the chance of developing PKD to some extent.
- Pregnancy concerns may increase as well caused by PKD. Preeclampsia is another complication here.
Babies may develop complications like liver issues, kidney health issues, high blood pressure, or breathing difficulties. Following guidance ensured by the medical team looks after well-being. It reduces the probability of further concerns.
Diagnostic procedures or tests of PKD may involve – ultrasound, prenatal ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, blood tests, genetic testing, etc. Depending on medical reports, a nephrologist plans a treatment approach. Reach out to your nearest multispecialty hospital in Siliguri.
Medical care revolves around specific things, such as – high blood pressure management, medications, dialysis, pain management, surgery (kidney transplant), breathing support/therapy, etc. Not everyone dealing with PKD requires the same set of medical assistance. Talk to your doctor for better recovery.