Ethical Hacking Definition, Basics, Types, in 2022

Ethical Hacking Definition, Basics, Types, in 2022

When we look at the news, there are frequent incidents of cyber security threats, information spills, cash thefts, computerized attacks and cyber reconnaissance. All of this is empowering in such a way that individuals with harmful motives can now conduct these exercises from behind a computer screen in their homes. In general, this uniqueness has inspired an expanding interest for talented Ethical Hacking and other cyber security experts.

What do you mean by Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking is defined as the act of using computer systems to infiltrate security measures that are in place to prevent unusal access. This is a very broad generalization, but is accurate in describing what ethical hackers do.

Most often, they hack into secure networks in order to gain information about how certain organizations operate. They may use this data to perform social engineering attacks against individuals who work at these organizations.

In 2009, Mitnick joined the Internet Security Foundation (ISF), a non-profit organization dedicated to educating the public about internet security. In addition to writing articles for ISF’s website, Mitnick works with various law enforcement agencies around the world. If you are interested to learn more about Hacking Apps so check this link.

Ethical Hacking Types

  1. White Hat – A white-hat hacker tries to discover security vulnerabilities, but he doesn’t try to exploit them for personal gain. He does this because he has the best intentions and wants to make sure that nobody gets hurt or loses anything valuable. His motivation comes from a desire to understand how things work.
  2. Black Hat – A black hat hacker exploits vulnerabilities for his own benefit. For example, he may sell information about a vulnerability to other hackers who can use it against their targets. In some cases, he might even take advantage of a vulnerability to cause damage without any financial reward. Since he lacks a malicious intention, he’s considered a criminal.
  3. Grey Hat – A grey hat hacker finds security vulnerabilities and uses them for his own gain, but he does not disclose it to anyone else. He’s usually not trying to make money, but he wants to learn something new. However, if a business relies on its customers having a certain level of trust, then a grey hat hack can result in loss of revenue. Hence, the ethical hacker should always remember that a grey hat hacker has different motivations than a white hat hacker.
  4. Malicious – Someone who purposefully attacks computers or networks with malicious intent. They’re much like a black hat hacker, except they don’t seek out vulnerabilities to exploit for fun or profit. Instead, they attempt to destroy data or steal information. This type of hacking isn’t illegal unless it affects someone else, such as when it involves a network attack.
  5. Hacktivist – Someone who hacks to protest an issue they feel strongly about. They do this to show their opposition to an idea or action they don’t agree with. Other examples include Anonymous and Lulzsec.
  6. Bug Bounty – A bug bounty is paid for discovering security flaws in software or websites. These people often help companies improve the security of their products, but they don’t necessarily intend to harm the target. When they find a flaw, they report it to the company, and depending on what the law allows them to access, they may receive compensation.

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Ethical hackers

1. White Hat 

On the dull web, these are the ideal individuals to fall into our guide. Whitecap hackers, also known as ethical hackers, are cyber security experts who help public authorities and organizations by testing intrusions and isolating security flaws. Ethical hackers use a variety of strategies to protect themselves from dark cap hackers and other cybercriminals. They break into our infrastructure with the noble goal of helping you find vulnerabilities and eliminate infections and malware.

2. Black Hat 

Nowadays dark hat hackers are the original perpetrators of cybercrime.  These hackers search for defects in individual computers in organizations and banking structures. They can hack into your organization and take advantage of any of the provisions to obtain your own, business and monetary data.

3. Grey Hat 

Dark hat hackers are in between white and dark cap hackers. Dim cap hackers can’t contain their abilities for personal addition, they can have both great and terrible goals anyway. For example, a programmer who hacks into an association and finds some vulnerabilities can spread it on the web or expose the association about it. Gradually, when hackers use their hacking abilities to connect personally they become dark cap hackers.

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