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HTML Interview Questions for freshers

HTML Interview Questions for freshers

Before we begin with HTML interview questions, let’s first go over HTML, what it is, the job options it presents, and so forth.

HTML is an abbreviation for HyperText Markup Language. It is a text formatting language that was first used to create web pages in 1993. HTML is a language the browser interprets to tell it what to display and how to display it.

If you wish to work in the web development field [Web designers, Web Developers], you must master HTML. HTML alone is insufficient for a web developer because it outlines the structure of the data presented on the browser in a webpage; we will need to employ CSS and Javascript to make it visually appealing and functional.

HTML5 is the most recent version of HTML. Tags and Attributes are the two fundamental components of the HTML language. The graphic below depicts some basic HTML tags and characteristics.

HTML Interview Questions and Answers

1. Are HTML tags and elements the same thing?

No. A starting tag defines HTML elements and may contain some content and a closing tag.For example, <h1>Heading 1</h1> is a HTML element but just <h1> a starting tag and </h1> is a closing tag.

2. What are HTML tags and attributes?

Tags are the significant component of HTML that describes how the material will be structured/formatted, whilst Attributes are used in conjunction with HTML tags to define the element’s qualities. For example, <p align=”center”> Interview questions/p>In this case, the ‘align’ attribute will be used to align the paragraph so that it appears in the centre of the display.

3. What are HTML void elements?

HTML elements which do not have closing tags or do not need to be closed are Void elements. For Example <br />, <img />, <hr />, etc.

4. What are the benefits of collapsing white space?

Because the browser collapses multiple spaces into a single space character, a blank sequence of whitespace characters is treated as a single space character in HTML. This allows a developer to indent lines of text without worrying about multiple spaces and maintains the readability and understandability of HTML codes.

Also Read the Basic interview question asked by the interviewee “Are you Willing to Relocate?”

5. What is the HTML ‘class’ attribute?

The class attribute gives the class name for an HTML element. Multiple items in HTML can have the same class value. It is also mainly used to associate the styles written in the CSS with the HTML elements.

6. What is the distinction between the ‘id’ and ‘class’ attributes of HTML elements?

Multiple HTML elements can have the same class value. However, a matter of an element’s id property cannot connect with another HTML element.

7. What is multipart form data?

One of the values of the type attribute is multipart form data. Its purpose is to deliver file data to the server for processing. Text/plain and application/x-www-form-urlencoded are two more accepted type options.

8. Describe the structure of the HTML layout.

Every web page contains many components that display the required content and a unique user interface. However, there are a few things that are templated and are a generally acknowledged style of structuring a web page, such as:

  • <header>: Stores the starting information about the web page.
  • <footer>: Represents the last section of the page.
  • <nav>: The navigation menu of the HTML page.
  • <article>: It is a set of information.
  • <section>: It is used inside the article block to define the basic structure of a page.
  • <aside>: Sidebar content of the page.

9. How can I optimise the loading of website assets?

To optimize website load time, we need to optimize its asset loading, and for that:

  • CDN hosting – A CDN or content delivery network is geographically distributed servers to help reduce latency.
  • File compression – This is a method that helps to reduce the size of an asset to reduce the data transfer
  • File concatenation – This reduces the number of HTTP calls
  • Minify scripts – This reduces the overall file size of js and CSS files
  • Parallel downloads – Hosting assets in multiple subdomains can help to bypass the download limit of 6 assets per domain of all modern browsers. This can be configured but most general users never modify these settings.
  • Lazy Loading – Instead of loading all the assets at once, the non-critical assets can be loaded on a need basis.

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