The study that local planning agencies require to be included with significant planning applications is the crime impact assessment. These are also known as Design Out Crime Assessments and Crime Impact Assessments (DOCA). But the CIS is more than just research; Design for security also conducted a discussion and review procedure. The Greater Manchester Police and Manchester Planning Authorities established the CIS procedure in 2006, and it entails recognising, forecasting, assessing, and reducing the impact of criminal activity. Disorder on a development proposal early in the design process—before decisions are made and obligations are made. The CIS’s goal is to make sure design decision-makers take crime, disruption, and apprehensions about crime into account before deciding whether to move forward with new projects. Should the client try to apply for secured by Design accreditation, a CIS will comprise all the criteria.
What Is Crime Prevention?
Let’s start by reviewing a definition of crime prevention. Strategies for reducing and controlling crime refer to efforts made by society to stop crimes before they happen rather than penalizing them after they’ve been done. Let’s discuss the numerous ways society tries to curb criminal conduct now that we are acquainted with what it means by crime prevention.
Tactics for Preventing Crime
3 major methods of preventing crime should be understood:
- Contextualized crime prevention
- Societal and local efforts to reduce crime
- Preventing environmental crime
Concept of Crime Prevention
The numerous methods for preventing crime that is discussed above and below are founded on distinct theories of crime. In other words, one’s views about the nature of the crime, some who perpetrate it and how it ought to be handled affect the measures one employs to avoid crime. For example, some people think that crime is a sign of social systemic flaws. Others contend that it is the outcome of a collapse in societal norms or the passing on of abnormal values.
Contextualized Crime Prevention
Situational crime prevention is the primary and most frequently mentioned strategy. Situational crime prevention aims to lessen possibilities for criminal activity and make it harder to breach the law in commonplace circumstances. It examines the kinds of offences individuals conduct and the settings in which they commit them intending to prevent them when these two axes cross. It is a preventative measure. Situational crime prevention aims to make committing crimes more difficult and to limit the benefits that can be gained from them.
Situational Crime Prevention Examples
Target hardening, which involves installing barriers including door and window locks, CCTV, security guards, and anti-climb paint, is an illustration of situational crime prevention. By doing this, the chance to sneak in or rob someone is eliminated.
Community and Social Crime Prevention
In contrast to its contextual equivalent, this crime prevention technique is based on a very distinct set of values. The goal of social and community crime prevention is to reduce both the number of criminal offenders and also the social context wherein they commit their crimes. Instead of addressing the signs of the crime, it tries to identify and address the underlying causes. Lumping people who are more prone to commit crimes together and taking some sort of action are popular methods. This approach’s proponents contend that to truly abolish crime, risk factors for crime, such as poverty, unemployment, a shortage of housing, etc., must be quickly addressed. Low-income communities and maybe some ethnic minority groups tend to be more vulnerable to the risk variables than other social groupings. Interventions that concentrate on problems encountered by these populations address the social causes of crime to counteract this.
This covers techniques like registering kids for preschool classes and adults for parenting classes. This makes an effort to address family conflict and low educational attainment, both of which may result in criminal activity.
Instances of Social and Local Initiatives to Avoid Crime
Instances of actual social and local community crime prevention initiatives include:
- The UK’s established Troubled Families Programme
To decrease crime as well as other social issues, they focus on “troubled families” and susceptible kids. Both of these projects have been effective.
Preventing Environmental Crime
Environmental crime prevention would be our third and last method of crime control. Criminal behaviour is attracted to and encouraged by the perception there is weak societal control and enforcement, which would be the foundation of the environmental crime prevention theory. According to the notion, obvious indicators of deterioration (such as litter, broken windows, graffiti, and abandoned homes). In a community or area indicate public neglect that causes concern about crime and drives “reputable” community members away.
Examples of Preventing Environmental Crime
Zero tolerance policing (ZTP), a type of environmental crime prevention, treats all infractions equally with more serious ones to deter them.
Strategies for reducing crime make an effort to stop crimes before they start. Situational, social, community, and environmental crime prevention are the 3 basic approaches.